Impact of Water Management on Rice Varieties (Oryza Sativa L.), Yield and Water Use Efficiency under Alternate Wetting and Drying Method in Puddled Soil

Impact of Water Management on Rice Varieties (Oryza Sativa L.), Yield and Water Use Efficiency under Alternate Wetting and Drying Method in Puddled Soil

M Sharath Chandra1 and K Avil Kumar2

1Department of Agronomy, College of Agriculture, Professor Jayashanakar Telangana State Agricultural University, Rajendranagar, Hyderabad – 500 030, Telangana, INDIA
2Regional Agricultural Research Station Palem- 509 215 Nagar Kurnool District. PJTSAU, Telangana, INDIA
Keywords: AWD-alternate wetting and drying, Rice varieties, Yield, WUE-Water use efficiency • PDF


This study was aimed to investigate water saving strategies in the paddy field and to evaluate the performance of some newly released rice varieties. Alternate wetting and drying method is a water saving method to improve yield and water use efficiency (WUE). A field experiment was conducted on sandy clay soil at Agricultural College farm, PJTSAU, Rajendranagar, Hyderabad during kharif, 2016 in a split plot design with three replications. The treatments comprised of three irrigation regimes (irrigation of 5 cm when water level falls below 5 cm from soil surface in field water tube i.e alternate wetting and drying irrigation -AWDI, irrigation of 5 cm, at one day after disappearance of water on the surface of the soil- DADSW and recommended submergence of 2-5 cm water level as per crop stage) as main treatments and four rice varieties (Telangana sona, KunaramSannalu, Bathukamma and Sheethal) as sub plots treatments. The data recorded indicate that recommended submergence of 2-5 cm water level recorded significantly higher grain and straw yield over AWDI of 5 cm and was at par with AWDI of 5 cm at one DADSW. Water productivity was higher with irrigation of 5 cm at one DADSW and was at par with irrigation of 5cm when  water level falls below 5cm.Bathukamma produced higher grain yield, straw yield and water productivity as compare to KunaramSannalu, Sheethal and Telangana Sona. Based on the results, it can be concluded that among four rice varieties, Bathukamma recorded higher yield with recommended submergence and water productivity was higher with irrigation of 5 cm at one DADSW. There was no significant interaction effect between different rice varieties and irrigation regimes on yield and water use efficiency.


  1. Maclean, D. C., Dawe, B and Hettel, G. P. 2002. Rice Almanac, International Rice Research Institute, Los Banos, Philippines,3rd edition. p.8.
  2. Pimentel, D., Berger, B., Filiberto, D. 2004. Water resources: agricultural and environmental issues. Bioscience. 5: 909–918.
  3. [3] Mekonnen, M.M and Hoekstra, A. 2016. Four billion people facing severe water scarcity. Science Advances. 2: 1–6.
  4. Tuong, T. P., Bouman, B. A. M and Martian, M. 2004. More rice, less water-integrated approaches for increasing water productivity in irrigated rice-based systems in Asia, in Proceedings of the 4th International Crop Science Congress, Brisbane, Australia.
  5. Hassen, M.B., Monaco, F., Facchi, A., Romani, M., Val, G and Sali, G. (2017). Economic Performance of Traditional and Modern Rice Varieties under Different Water Management Systems. Sustainability. 347: 1-10.
  6. Nguyen, H. T., Fischer, K. S and Fukai, S. 2009. Physiological responses to various water saving systems in rice. Field Crops Research. 112: 189–198.
  7. Tuong , T. P and Bhuiyan, S. I. 1999. Increasing water-use efficiency in rice production: farm-level perspectives. Agricultural Water Management. 40: 117–122.
  8. Lampayan, R.M., Rejesus, R.M., Singleton, G.R., Bouman, B.A.M. 2015. Adoption and economics of alternate wetting and drying water management for irrigated lowland rice. Field Crops Research. 170: 95–108.
  9. Thiyagarajan, T.M., Velu. V., Ramaswamy, S.D., Govindarajan, K., Priyadarshini. R., Sudha Lakshmi, C., Senthil Kumar, K., Nisha, P. T., Gayathry, G., Hengsdijk, H and Bindraban, P. S.2002. Effect of SRI practice on hybrid rice performance in Tamil Nadu, India. In: Water wise rice production, IRRI, 119-127.
  10. Geethalakshmi, V., Ramesh, T., Azhapalamuthirsolai and Lakshmanan, A. 2009. Productivity and water usage of rice as influenced by different cultivation systems. Madras Agricultural Journal.96: 349-352.
  11. Ashouri, M. 2014. Water use efficiency, irrigation management and nitrogen utilization in rice production in the north of Iran.APCBEE Procedia. 8: 70-74.
  12. Sariam, O and Anuar, A. R. Effects of irrigation regime on irrigated rice. 2010. Journal of Tropical Agricultural and Food Science. 38: 1-9.
  13. Kumar, S., Singh, R. S and Kumar, K. 2014. Yield and nutrient uptake of transplanted rice (Oryza sativa) with different moisture regimes and integrated nutrient supply. Current Advances in Agricultural Sciences. 6: 64-66.
  14. Sathish, A. 2015. Water management for different systems of rice (Oryza sativa L.) as influenced by methods of cultivation and irrigation regimes in puddled soil. M. Sc Thesis. Professor Jayashankar Telangana State Agricultural University, Hyderabad.
  15. Yao, F. X., Huang, J. L.,Cui, K. H., Nie, L. X., Xiang, J and Liu, X. J. 2012. Agronomic performance of high-yielding rice variety grown under alternate wetting and drying irrigation. Field Crops Research. 126: 16-22.
  16. Kishore, M. 2016. Standardization of Alternate Wetting and Drying (AWD) method of water management in low land rice (Oryza sativa L.) for up scaling in command outlets. Ph. D. Thesis. Professor Jayashankar Telangana State Agricultural University, Hyderabad.