Synthesis of Valuable Transition Metal Incorporated Framework Aluminosilicates Using Waste Material Fly Ash
Arun Kant, M. Ramananda Singh, Sudipta Ghosh and Panmei Gaijon*
Department of Chemistry, Kirori Mal College, University of Delhi, Delhi 110007, India
The aim of this research was to investigate the possibility of generation of valuable material using considerable waste material like fly ash. Transition metal (zinc and cobalt) and tetrapropylammonium bromide (organic templates) incorporated framework aluminosilicates (zeolites) has been successfully synthesis by the addition of transition metal into the reaction mixture of fly ash in NaOH solution at mild temperature. Generally fly ash contains silica, alumina, mullite, quartz and trace of heavy metals, which is a by-product generated from the thermal power plant based on coal. These three types of synthesized product were characterized using appropriate analytical techniques like Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopic studies, X-ray diffraction and Transmission Electron Microscopic. The obtained result show the products synthesized from open hydrothermal method demonstrated the characteristics of zeolite.
Full Text PDF
 Hui K. S., Chai C. Y. H, and Kot S. C., (2005), Removal of mixed heavy metal ions in wastewater by zeolite 4A and residual products from recycled coal fly ash, Journal of Hazardous Materials, B127, 89-101.
 Shige Moto S., Sugiyama S. and Hayashi H., (1995), Characterization of Na-X, Na-A coal fly ash zeolites and their amorphorous precursors by IR, MAS NMR and XPS, Journal of Material Science, 30, 5777-5783.
 Tanaka H., Eguchi H., Fujimoto S. and Hino R., (2006), Two step process for synthesis of a single phase Na-A zeolite from coal fly ash by dialysis, Fuel 85, 1329-1334.
 Kayokai K. G., (2000), Coal ash handbook, Kyokai, Tokyo.
 Henmi T, (1997), Chemical conversion of coal ash into artificial zeolite and its recycling, New Ceram, 7, 54-62.
 Henmi T., (1987), Synthesis of hydroxysodalite (zeolite) from waste coal ash, Soil Sci. Plant Nutr., 33(3), 517-521.
 Gang X., and Xianming S., (2018), Characteristics and applications of fly ash as a sustainable construction material: A state of the art review Resources, Conservation & Recycling, 136, 95–109.
 Ramezanianpour, A. A., (2014), Fly ash Cement Replacement Materials, Springer Berlin Heidelberg, Berlin, Heidelberg, 47–156.
 Molina, A, and Poole C., (2004), A comparative study using two methods to produce zeolite from fly ash. Minerals Engineering, 17, 167-173.
Marinkovic, S., Dragas, J., Ignjatovic, I. and Tosic, N., (2017), Environmental assessment of green concretes for structural use, J. Clean. Prod., 154, 633–649.
Ferraiolo G., Zilli M. and Converti A., (1990), Fly ash disposal and utilization, J. Chem. Technol. Biotechnol., 47, 281-305.
Nadeem U., Gaijon P. and Kant A., (2018), Equilibrium and Kinetics Studies by using Spirulina platensis as a Biosorbent for the Toxic Metal Ions Chemical Science Review and Letters, Chem Sci Rev Lett, 7(28), 920-925.
Dudka S. and Miller W. P., (1999), Accumulation of potentially toxic elements in plant and their transfer to human food chain., J Environ Sci Heal, B 34, 681–708.
Zhuang, X. Y., Chen, L., Komarneni, S., Zhou, C.H., Tong, D.S., Yang, H.M., Yu, W.H. and Wang, H., (2016), Fly ash-based geopolymer: clean production, properties and applications, J. Clean. Prod., 125, 253–267.
Penilla R. P, Bustos A. G. and Elizalde S. G., (2003), Zeolite synthesized by alkaline hydrothermal treatment of bottom ash from combustion of municipal solid wastes. Journal of the American Ceramic Society, 86, 1527-1533.
Covarrubias, J. C., Garcia, R., Arriagada, R., Yanez, J. and Garland, T., (2006), Cr (III) Exchange on Zeolites Obtained from Kaolin and Natural Mordenite. Microporous Mesoporous Mater, 88, 220–231.
Lin, D. C., Xu, X. W., Zuo, F. and Long, Y. C., (2004), Crystallization of JBW, CAN, SOD and ABW type zeolite from transformation of metakaolin. Microporous Mesoporous Mater, 70, 63–70.
Marcelo L. M., Diego I. P., Nadia R. C., Fernandes M. and Pergher S. B. C., (2007), Synthesis of mordenite using kaolin as Si and Al source, Appl. Clay Sci., 41, 99–104.
Loiola A. R., Andrade J. C. R. A., Sasaki J. M. and Da Silva L. R. D., (2012), Structural analysis of zeolite Na A synthesized by a cost-effective hydrothermal method using kaolin and its use as water softener, Journal of Colloid and Interface Science 367, 34–39.
Mousa G. and Buhl J. C., (2014), Synthesis and characterization of zeolite A by hydrothermal transformation of natural Jordanian kaolin, Journal of the Association of Arab Universities for Basic and Applied Sciences, 15, 35–42.
Earl, D. J. and Deem, M. W., (2006), Toward a database of hypothetical zeolite structures. Ind. Engendering Chem. Res., 45, 5449–5454.
Lulu D., Qiyong X. and Huanan W., (2016), Synthesis of zeolite-like material by hydrothermal and fusion methods using municipal solid waste fly ash, Procedia Environmental Sciences,31, 662 – 667.
Ugal J. R., Karim H. H. and Inam H. A., (2010), Preparation of type 4A zeolite from Iraqi kaolin: Characterization and properties measurements, Journal of the Association of Arab Universities for Basic and Applied Sciences, 2–5.
Wlodzimierz M., Magdalena K. and Katarzyna B., (2011), FT-IR studies of zeolites from different structural Groups, CHEMIK, 65 (7), 667-674.
Padmaja P., Anilkumar G. M., Mukundan P., Aruldhas G. and Warrier K. G. K., (2001), Characterisation of stiochiometric sol-gel mulliteby fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, International Journal of Inorganic Materials, 3, 127-130.
Abbas M. V., Dhimiter B., Susan R. W., Micheal X. L. and Andrew J. K., (2002), Analysis of Quartz by FTIR in Air Samples of Construction Dust, Applied Occupational and Environmental Hygiene, 17 (3) 165-175.
De Man A. J. M. and Van Santen R. A, (1992), The relation between zeolite framework and vibrational spectra, Zeolites, 12, 269-279.
Henderson C. M. B. and Taylor D., (1977), Infrared spectra of anhydrous memders of the sodalite family, Spectrochimica Acta, 33A, 283-290.
Shikunov B. I, Lafer L. I., Yakerson V. I., Mishin I. V. and Rubinshtein A. M., (1972), Infrared srectra of synthetic zeolites, Bulletin of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR, Division of chemical science, 21(1), 201-203.
Konstantantin H., Elena I. and Helmut K., (2003), Microporous and Mesoporous Materials, 58, 225-236.
Busca G. and Lerenzelli V.,(1982), Infrared spectroscopic identification of species arising from reactive adsorption of carbon dioxides on metal oxide surfaces, Materials Chemistry, 7, 89-126.